During HRC general discussions, panel debates and interactive dialogues with the Special Procedures, during the past three years, either as an HRC member or not, the State has joined:
Country has not previously held a seat on the Council
Longest visit request not (yet) accepted by the State >
SR on freedom of expression, 2003; SR on food, 2003
Eritrea tabled its pledges and commitments in support for its candidacy for membership (2019-2021) on 31 August 2018.
Internationally, Eritrea pledged, inter alia, to: fulfil its reporting obligations in respect of regional and international human rights mechanisms; continue its engagement and technical cooperation with the OHCHR; take the measures necessary to expedite the ratification of the CRPD and the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air; advocate the protection of the rights of migrants; enhance its cooperation with the mechanisms of the Council by facilitating visits by the special procedures mandate holders; work towards a more effective and credible Council and conduct inclusive, cross-regional and transparent dialogue; strengthen support and cooperation in respect of the universal periodic review; advocate meaningful participation by the least developed countries in the universal periodic review and human rights treaty bodies; encourage and support constructive contributions from non-governmental organizations and civil society organizations; and advocate and work to enhance the capacity of OHCHR to provide technical support to Member States.
Domestically, Eritrea committed, inter alia, to: increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the national coordination body for the universal periodic review; ensure the supremacy of and respect for the law, increase the accessibility, efficiency, transparency and accountability of the judicial system; protect and promote the rights of women and persons with disabilities; and mainstream regional and international human rights instruments to which Eritrea is a party into its national programmes and institutions.
An analysis of steps taken by Eritrea in fulfilment of its international pledges shows that it is yet to ratify the CRPD; and to submit its periodic reports under the CAT, CERD and ICESCR. It does not have a Standing Invitation, and has facilitated 64% of the Special Procedures visit requests. Eritrea has only answered 20% of the communications received from Special Procedures mandate holders.
Although it committed to the rights of migrants, it is yet to sign and ratify the CMW and the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.
Eritrea was cited in the 2015 and 2017 Secretary-General’s report on Cooperation with the UN, its representatives and mechanisms in the field of human rights concerning the risk of reprisals against anyone cooperating with the commission of inquiry on human rights in Eritrea (COI) and the COI’s report which highlighted that almost all victims and witnesses who spoke with the COI feared reprisals by Eritrean authorities, either against themselves or their family members in Eritrea.