Engagement with the HRC
Principal sponsorship of HRC resolutions
The need for an integrated approach to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development for the full realisation of human rights, focusing hollistically on the means of implementation; Promoting the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health; Ensuring use of remotely piloted aircraft or armed drones in counter-terrorism and military operations in accordance with international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law; Effects of foreign debt and other related international financial obligations of States on the full enjoyment of all human rights, particularly economic, social and cultural rights: the activities of vulture funds; Combating defamation of religions; Combating intolerance, negative stereotyping and stigmatization of, and discrimination, incitement to violence and violence against, persons based on religion or belief; Ensuring accountability and justice for all violations of international law in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem; Ensuring respect for international law in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem (special session); Follow-up to the report of the United Nations Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict; Human rights in the occupied Syrian Golan; Human rights situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem (special session 12 and 1); Human rights violations emanating from Israeli military attacks and incursions in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, particularly in the occupied Gaza Strip, including the recent one in northern Gaza and the assault on Beit Hanoun(special session 3 and 6); Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan; Report of the Commission of Inquiry on Lebanon; Right of the Palestinian people to self-determination; Situation of human rights of Rohingya Muslims and other minorities in Myanmar.
Since it first became a member of the Council in 2006, Pakistan has voted in favour of two item 4 resolutions (situations that require the Council’s attention) on the Syrian Arab Republic (both in 2013); has voted against a number of resolutions on the situations in the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Sudan; and has abstained on a significant number of resolutions on Belarus, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, as well as (more recent texts on) the Syrian Arab Republic. Pakistan has voted against country-specific resolutions under item 2 (e.g. the situation in Sri Lanka). Notwithstanding, in June 2015 Pakistan (on behalf of the OIC) presented and joined consensus on an item 2 resolution on the human rights situation of Rohingya Muslims and other minorities in Myanmar. For item 7 resolutions (human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territories), Pakistan has consistently voted in favour. On item 10 resolutions (capacity-building), Pakistan has joined consensus on all resolutions except for three that were voted on during the period of its membership: on cooperation with Ukraine (Pakistan twice abstained), and on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Pakistan voted in favour).
For thematic resolutions dealing with civil and political rights, Pakistan has generally joined consensus. Where there has been a vote, it has tended to vote in favour. Notwithstanding, Pakistan has voted against resolutions on the question of the death penalty, sexual orientation and peaceful protests.
For thematic resolutions dealing with economic, social and cultural rights, Pakistan has either joined consensus on, or has voted in favour of, all adopted texts.
During HRC general discussions, panel debates and interactive dialogues with the Special Procedures, during the past three years, either as an HRC member or not, the State has joined:
Regional or subregional
Average of statements for all countries: 20
Average of statements for all countries: 86
Average of statements for all countries: 40
Average of statements for all countries: 2
HRC member empty chair?
Overall, as a HRC member, has participated in more than 10% of panel discussions, general debates and interactive dialogues.
Fulfilment of past voluntary pledges & commitments
Specific voluntary pledges: 8
Pakistan presented commitments and pledges in support of its candidature for membership for the period 2018-2020 in August 2017. Key pledges include: At the national level: Implement a National Action Plan that considers national and international human rights obligations. Review, in consultation with all stakeholders, existing human rights legislation, with a view to adapting and better enforcing it. Further enhance the operational effectiveness of national human rights institutions, providing them with adequate human and financial resources. Build the human rights capacity of government officials and other relevant stakeholders. Continue to ensure speedy justice for victims of human rights violations including through strengthening law enforcement agencies and prosecutors.
An analysis of steps taken by Pakistan in fulfilment of its international level pledges shows that Pakistan has now ratified nearly all the core international human rights treaties and in terms of cooperation with the Treaty Bodies, Pakistan tends to submit its periodic reports; it only has one overdue report. Regarding Pakistan’s participation at the Council, it has spoken in around 32% of panel discussions and general debates, (though it speaks in many more as coordinator of the OIC). Turning to cooperation with Special Procedures, Pakistan responded to 27% of all communications received, but has only facilitated 3 out of 21 visit requests. Regarding its own UPR, Pakistan participated at ministerial level. Pakistan also participated in the reviews of 75 other states.